Aluminum Alloy

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Aluminum Alloy

Common aluminum and aluminum alloys, 1000 pure aluminum, 3000 series, 5000 series, 6000 series, 8000 series aluminum alloys

Description of aluminum alloy

Primary aluminum is collectively referred to as electrolytic aluminum in the market supply, and it is the raw material for the production of aluminum and aluminum alloy materials. Aluminum is a metal with low strength and good plasticity. In addition to the application of some pure aluminum, in order to improve the strength or comprehensive performance, it is made into an alloy. Adding an alloying element to aluminum can change its structure and properties, making it suitable for various processing materials or casting parts. Alloying elements that are often added are copper, magnesium, zinc, and silicon.

aluminum alloy with blue film

aluminum alloy with blue film

Aluminum alloy grade naming principle

  • 1. The trademark of the international four-digit number system can be directly quoted.
  • 2. Deformed aluminum and aluminum alloys that are not named as international four-digit number system grades should be named with four-character grades (but experimental aluminum and aluminum alloy colors use the prefix X plus four-character grades).

Classification and application of aluminum alloy

Aluminum alloys are alloys made by mixing aluminum with other metal elements and are commonly used in various industrial fields, including aerospace, automobile manufacturing, construction, electronics, food packaging, and more.

The following are some common aluminum alloy grades and their characteristics:

  • 1000 series aluminum alloy: Contains more than 99% aluminum, and the common grades are 1050, 1060, 1100; it has good machinability, electrical conductivity and corrosion resistance. It is often used in the manufacture of food containers, wires and cables, die-casting parts, etc.
  • 2000 series aluminum alloy: Contains copper and has high strength and corrosion resistance. Common grades are 2011, 2014, and 2024; they are often used in the manufacture of aerospace components, ships, automobile and bicycle components, etc.
  • 3000 series aluminum alloy: contains manganese, has good strength and corrosion resistance, and is easy to weld and process. Common grades are 3003, 3004, 3104, 3105; often used in the manufacture of building materials, ships, aircraft wing spars, etc.
  • 4000 series aluminum alloy: contains silicon and has high strength, hardness and wear resistance. Common grades are 4032, 4043, 4047; often used in the manufacture of aircraft parts, automotive brake systems, etc.
  • 5000 series aluminum alloy: containing magnesium, it has good plasticity, strength and corrosion resistance. Common grades are 5005, 5050, 5052, 5083, 5454, 5754; commonly used in the manufacture of aerospace vehicles, building materials, bicycle frames, etc.
  • 6000 series aluminum alloy: contains magnesium and silicon, has high strength and corrosion resistance, and is easy to weld and process. Common grades are 6060, 6061, 6063, 6082; commonly used in the manufacture of aircraft parts, auto parts, ship structures, etc.
  • 7000 series aluminum alloy: contains zinc, has good machinability and corrosion resistance, and is suitable for use under high temperature and high pressure conditions. The common grade is 7075; it is often used in the manufacture of engine parts, hydraulic pipelines, etc.
  • 8000 series aluminum alloy: contains tin, has good plasticity and weldability, and is suitable for making containers and pipes, etc. Common grades are 8011, 8021, 8079.

The above are some common aluminum alloy grades and their characteristics. The selection of suitable aluminum alloy grades can be determined according to specific application requirements and conditions of use.

Aluminum Alloys Specifications

Alloy 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 8000 series etc.
Temper O,H12,H14,H16,H18,H22,H24,H26,H112,H32,T4,T6,T651,etc.
Thickness 0.006-0.02mm(Foil),0.02-6mm(Sheet/Coil/Circle),6-40mm(Plate)
Product Type Aluminum Sheet/Plate,Aluminum Coil,Aluminum Strip,Aluminum Foil,Aluminum Circle
Surface Mill finish,Diamond plate,Color coated,Pover coated,Anodized aluminum plate,Embossed,etc.

Grades and uses of pure aluminum and aluminum alloys

1050: Squeeze coils for food, chemical and brewing industries, various hoses, fireworks powder.

1060: It is required for occasions with high corrosion resistance and formability, but not high requirements for strength, and chemical equipment is its typical application.

1100: For processing parts that require good formability and high corrosion resistance but do not require high strength, such as chemical products, food industry devices and storage containers, thin plate processing parts, deep drawing or spinning concave vessels , welding parts, heat exchangers, printed boards, nameplates, reflectors.

2014 : Applied to occasions requiring high strength and hardness (including high temperature). Aircraft heavy, forgings, thick plates and extruded materials, wheels and structural elements, multi-stage rocket first stage fuel tanks and spacecraft parts, truck frames and suspension system parts.

2024: Aircraft structures, rivets, missile components, truck hubs, propeller elements, and various other structural parts.

2124: Aerospace vehicle structural parts.

2A60: Aircraft engine compressor wheels, wind deflectors, fans, impellers, etc.

2A70: Aircraft skins, aircraft engine pistons, wind deflectors, wheels, etc.

3003: For processing parts that require good formability, high corrosion resistance and good weldability, or require both these properties and higher strength than 1XXX alloys, such as kitchen utensils, food and chemical products Processing and storage devices, tanks and tanks for transporting liquid products, various pressure vessels and pipes processed with thin plates.

3004: All-aluminum pop-top can body, requiring parts with higher strength than 3003 alloy, chemical product production and storage devices, thin plate processing parts, construction processing parts, construction tools, various lamp parts.

3104: Can body, can lid, pull ring, aircraft fuel tank, oil conduit, industrial equipment, etc.

3104 aluminum for cans

3104 aluminum for cans

3105: Room partitions, baffles, movable room panels, gutters and downspouts, thin plate forming parts, bottle caps, bottle stoppers, etc.

5005: Similar to 3003 alloy, it has medium strength and good corrosion resistance. Used as conductors, cooking utensils, instrument panels, housings and architectural trim. Anodized film ratio The oxide film on the 3003 alloy is brighter and consistent with the tone of the 6063 alloy.

5050: The thin plate can be used as the lining plate of refrigerators and refrigerators, automobile air pipes, oil pipes and agricultural irrigation pipes; it can also process thick plates, pipes, bars, special-shaped materials and wires, etc.

5052: This alloy has good formability, corrosion resistance, candleability, fatigue strength and moderate static strength, and is used in the manufacture of aircraft fuel tanks, oil pipes, sheet metal parts of transportation vehicles and ships, instrument street lamp brackets and rivets , hardware products, etc.

5083: In occasions that require high corrosion resistance, good weldability and medium strength, such as welded parts of ships, automobiles and aircraft plates; pressure vessels that require strict fire protection, refrigeration devices, TV towers, drilling equipment, Transportation equipment, missile components, armor, etc.

5086: For occasions that require high corrosion resistance, good weldability and medium strength, such as ships, automobiles, aircraft, cryogenic equipment, TV towers, drilling equipment, transportation equipment, missile parts and decks, etc.

5182: Thin plates are used for processing can lids, automobile body panels, control panels, reinforcements, brackets and other parts.

5454: Welded structures, pressure vessels, pipelines for marine facilities.

5A05: welded structural parts, aircraft skin skeleton.

5A06: Welded structure, cold forged parts, welded tension container stress parts, aircraft skin bone parts.

6061: Various industrial structures requiring a certain strength, high weldability and corrosion resistance, such as pipes, rods, shapes used in the manufacture of trucks, tower buildings, ships, trams, furniture, mechanical parts, precision machining, etc. Timber, plank.

6063: Industrial profiles, architectural profiles, irrigation pipes and extruded materials for vehicles, benches, furniture, fences, etc.

7005: Extruded materials, suitable for manufacturing welded structures that must have both high strength and high fracture toughness, such as trusses, rods, and containers for transportation vehicles; large heat exchangers, and solid solution treatment after welding It can also be used to make sports equipment such as tennis rackets and softball bats.

7049: Forging parts that have the same static strength as 7079-T6 alloy and require high resistance to stress corrosion cracking, such as aircraft and missile parts falling together

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